Roses are beautiful: they’re soft, they’re scented, and they’re seductive. They universally symbolise love. They deserve a central place in every piece of fiction: there isn’t an heroine out there who won’t appreciate a gift of roses. But please, I’m begging you: do not write *yellow* roses into pre-twentieth century fiction. They’re as out of place there as the Model-T Ford. Yellow roses as we know them are a recent invention: the first being the 1900 Soleil d’Or, the result of man-made crosses in the nursery of Joseph Pernet-Ducher, the ‘Wizard of Lyon.’
If your story is set in or before the nineteenth century, have your hero bestow pink roses on your heroine, or red roses. If it’s early summer, the rose bushes (rose trees for those of you writing pre-nineteenth century) will be dripping with flowers, and their perfume will be intoxicating. Have your heroine collect their petals and go into the stillroom (which BTW is more akin to a science lab than you may have thought) and have her distil rose water. It’s not difficult – you can check it out here. Don’t have her whip up a batch of rose beads in an afternoon: they take a tonne of petals and an absolute age to make.
Your pre-1800 heroine will be plumb out of luck if she’s hoping for roses in the spring or autumn – they called them June roses for a reason. After 1800, the Monthly roses arrived from China, and these flowered from spring through to autumn, mainly in shades of pink. The great thing, from a novellist’s point of view, is that our historical heroines weren’t too bothered about rose names: kudos to you if you name roses accurately, but if you refer simply to a pink Monthly rose, or to a scented French rose, you’re doing just fine.
And one last point, while my pendanticism is in full flight: your Georgian heroine will not be strolling about a rose garden. She’ll be in the flower garden or the shrubbery, in which rose bushes will have been planted. The formal roses-only garden was an invention of rose-exhibiting Victorians.
I’m sorry if I burst your bubble. I’m sorry to have added one more item to your long list of things to check out as you write historical fiction. But if you are already Googling the entymology of terms and words to check they are historically accurate, you’ll appreciate the heads up about this minefield. Keep writing about roses, if for no other reason than rose growers and gardeners are avid readers, and love reading about their favourite flowers, but make your roses pink, not yellow.